Tooth decay is occurred by germs(bacteria) in your mouth make acids that eat away at your tooth. Permanently damaged areas in teeth that develop into tiny holes. The hard outer layer is called enamel. The middle layer is called dentin. The center of the tooth is called the pulp. It contains nerves and blood vessels.
The more layers that are affected by decay, the worse the damage. Eating foods that are high in sugar and other carbohydrates, which feed the bacteria in your mouth. Not getting enough fluoride. Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making teeth more resistant to acids produced by plaque. As the bacteria feed, they make acids.
The acids attack the teeth for 20 minutes or more after you eat. Over time, these acids destroy tooth enamel which causes tooth decay. The more layers that are affected by decay, the worse the damage.
Common Causes of Tooth Decay are:
You can help prevent tooth decay by following these tips
Fluoride is a mineral that can prevent tooth decay from progressing. It can even reverse, or stop, early tooth decay. Fluoride works to protect teeth. It prevents mineral loss in tooth enamel and replaces lost minerals. It reduces the ability of bacteria to make acid.
If your dentist thinks you need more fluoride to keep your teeth healthy, he or she may apply a fluoride gel or varnish to tooth surfaces, prescribe fluoride tablets, or recommend using a fluoride mouth rinse.
Remember every time we eat or drink something that contains sugar or starches, bacteria in our mouth use the sugar and starch to produce acids. These acids begin to eat away at the tooth’s enamel. Our saliva can help fight off this acid attack. Brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. Clean between your teeth daily with floss or interdental cleaner. Eat nutritious and balanced meals and limit snacking.
Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and oral examination.
The Dentistry of Dr. Ka-Ron Y. Wade
2101 Crawford St, Suite 103
Houston, TX 77002